Coat of arms of Amsterdam

Three St. Andrew's crosses form the core of Amsterdam's city crest and represent the three words written on Amsterdam's coat of arms. A St. Andrew's cross is a heraldic symbol named after apostle St. Andrew who would have been crucified on such a cross.
 
The coat of arms of AmsterdamTwo lions were added to the city's coat of arms at the beginning of the 16th century. They represent shield bearers.
Amsterdam's city motto, emblazoned on the bottom of the Coat of Arms on a silver scroll, rests around the ideals of "Heroic, Resolute, Merciful" with other translations being "Valiant, Resolute, Compassionate" or "Valiant, Steadfast, Compassionate". Those words were added at the end of the second world war, the crosses go back a lot further than that.
 
The use of the coat of arms of Amsterdam dates back to at least as far as 1350. The digging of the Amsterdam North South metro line provided a pair of pliers having belonged to a sheet or cloth guild with the crosses on it. This find is to date one of the earliest known uses of the Amsterdam Coat of Arms.
 
The Westerkerk (Western Church)
Western Church Amsterdam
The church was built between 1620 and 1631. Since the Westerkerk was commissioned by the Amsterdam City Council at the time, the city arms are a recurring theme in the church.
The Westerkerk is located at the corner of the Prinsengracht and the Rozengracht.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amsterdammertjes
The St. Andrew's crosses can be found as decorations on different locations in the city. The three crosses are used in the logo of the city government and also as decorations on the typical Amsterdam bollards called Amsterdammertjes.

AmsterdammertjesAn Amsterdammertje is the typical red-brown steel traffic bollard that is used to separate the sidewalk from the street in the city centre of Amsterdam. With nearly a meter high, they are a true icon of the city. Amsterdammertje means literally 'little one from Amsterdam' in Dutch. The bollards have the three Saint Andrew's Crosses from the coat of arms of Amsterdam.